उपयोगकर्ता स्विचिंग

विवरण

This plugin allows you to quickly swap between user accounts in WordPress at the click of a button. You’ll be instantly logged out and logged in as your desired user. This is handy for testing environments, for helping customers on WooCommerce sites, or for any site where administrators need to switch between multiple accounts.

विशेषताएं

  • Switch user: Instantly switch to any user account from the Users screen.
  • Switch back: Instantly switch back to your originating account.
  • Switch off: Log out of your account but retain the ability to instantly switch back in again.
  • Compatible with Multisite, WooCommerce, BuddyPress, and bbPress.
  • Compatible with most two-factor authentication solutions (see the FAQ for more info).
  • Approved for use on enterprise-grade WordPress platforms such as Altis and WordPress VIP.

Note: User Switching supports versions of WordPress up to three years old, and PHP version 7.4 or higher.

Security

  • Only users with the ability to edit other users can switch user accounts. By default this is only Administrators on single site installations, and Super Admins on Multisite installations.
  • Passwords are not (and cannot be) revealed.
  • Uses the cookie authentication system in WordPress when remembering the account(s) you’ve switched from and when switching back.
  • Implements the nonce security system in WordPress, meaning only those who intend to switch users can switch.
  • Full support for user session validation where appropriate.
  • Full support for HTTPS.

उपयोग

  1. Visit the Users menu in WordPress and you’ll see a Switch To link in the list of action links for each user.
  2. Click this and you will immediately switch into that user account.
  3. You can switch back to your originating account via the Switch back link on each dashboard screen or in your profile menu in the WordPress toolbar.

See the FAQ for information about the Switch Off feature.

अन्य प्लगइन्स

मैं डेवलपर्स के लिए कई अन्य प्लगइन्स बनाए रखता हूं। उनकी बाहर जांच करो:

  • क्वेरी मॉनिटर वर्डप्रेस के लिए डेवलपर टूल पैनल है
  • WP Crontrol आपको यह देखने और नियंत्रित करने देता है कि WP-Cron सिस्टम में क्या हो रहा है

Privacy Statement

User Switching makes use of browser cookies in order to allow users to switch to another account. Its cookies operate using the same mechanism as the authentication cookies in WordPress core, which means their values contain the user’s user_login field in plain text which should be treated as potentially personally identifiable information (PII) for privacy and regulatory reasons (GDPR, CCPA, etc). The names of the cookies are:

  • wordpress_user_sw_{COOKIEHASH}
  • wordpress_user_sw_secure_{COOKIEHASH}
  • wordpress_user_sw_olduser_{COOKIEHASH}

User Switching does not send data to any third party, nor does it include any third party resources, nor will it ever do so.

उपयोगकर्ताओं के बीच स्विच करते समय गोपनीयता और सुरक्षा से संबंधित कुछ प्रश्नों के लिए FAQ भी देखें।

Accessibility Statement

User Switching aims to be fully accessible to all of its users. It implements best practices for web accessibility, outputs semantic and structured markup, adheres to the default styles and accessibility guidelines of WordPress, uses the accessibility APIs provided by WordPress and web browsers where appropriate, and is fully accessible via keyboard.

User Switching should adhere to Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 at level AA when used with a recent version of WordPress where its admin area itself adheres to these guidelines. If you’ve experienced or identified an accessibility issue in User Switching, please open a thread in the User Switching plugin support forum and I’ll address it swiftly.

स्क्रीनशॉट्स

  • The Switch To link on the Users screen
  • The Switch To link on a user's profile

सामान्य प्रश्न

क्या यह प्लगइन PHP 8 के साथ काम करता है?

Yes, it’s actively tested and working up to PHP 8.2.

What does “Switch off” mean?

Switching off logs you out of your account but retains your user ID in an authentication cookie so you can switch straight back without having to log in again manually. It’s akin to switching to no user, and being able to switch back.

The Switch Off link can be found in your profile menu in the WordPress toolbar. Once you’ve switched off you’ll see a Switch back link in a few places:

  • In the footer of your site
  • On the Log In screen
  • In the “Meta” widget

Does this plugin work with WordPress Multisite?

Yes, and you’ll also be able to switch users from the Users screen in Network Admin.

क्या यह प्लगइन WooCommerce के साथ काम करता है?

हां, और आप विभिन्न WooCommerce व्यवस्थापन स्क्रीन से भी उपयोगकर्ताओं को स्विच करने में सक्षम होंगे।

Does this plugin work with BuddyPress?

Yes, and you’ll also be able to switch users from member profile screens and the member listing screen.

Does this plugin work with bbPress?

Yes, and you’ll also be able to switch users from member profile screens.

Does this plugin work if my site is using a two-factor authentication plugin?

Yes, mostly.

One exception I’m aware of is Duo Security. If you’re using this plugin, you should install the User Switching for Duo Security add-on plugin which will prevent the two-factor authentication prompt from appearing when you switch between users.

What capability does a user need in order to switch accounts?

A user needs the edit_users capability in order to switch user accounts. By default only Administrators have this capability, and with Multisite enabled only Super Admins have this capability.

Can the ability to switch accounts be granted to other users or roles?

Yes. The switch_users meta capability can be explicitly granted to a user or a role to allow them to switch users regardless of whether or not they have the edit_users capability. For practical purposes, the user or role will also need the list_users capability so they can access the Users menu in the WordPress admin area.

add_filter( 'user_has_cap', function( $allcaps, $caps, $args, $user ) {
    if ( 'switch_to_user' === $args[0] ) {
        if ( my_condition( $user ) ) {
            $allcaps['switch_users'] = true;
        }
    }
    return $allcaps;
}, 9, 4 );

ध्यान दें कि यह उपयोगकर्ता स्विचिंग की अपनी क्षमता फ़िल्टरिंग से पहले होना चाहिए, इसलिए 9 की प्राथमिकता।

क्या उपयोगकर्ताओं को खाते बदलने की क्षमता से वंचित किया जा सकता है?

हाँ। वर्डप्रेस में उपयोगकर्ता क्षमताओं को किसी उपयोगकर्ता से वंचित करने के लिए गलत पर सेट किया जा सकता है। switch_users क्षमता को अस्वीकार करने से उपयोगकर्ता को उपयोगकर्ताओं को स्विच करने से रोका जा सकता है, भले ही उनके पास edit_users क्षमता हो।

add_filter( 'user_has_cap', function( $allcaps, $caps, $args, $user ) {
    if ( 'switch_to_user' === $args[0] ) {
        if ( my_condition( $user ) ) {
            $allcaps['switch_users'] = false;
        }
    }
    return $allcaps;
}, 9, 4 );

ध्यान दें कि यह उपयोगकर्ता स्विचिंग की अपनी क्षमता फ़िल्टरिंग से पहले होना चाहिए, इसलिए 9 की प्राथमिकता।

क्या मैं अपने प्लगइन या थीम में एक कस्टम “स्विच टू” लिंक जोड़ सकता हूँ?

हाँ। इसके लिए user_switching::maybe_switch_url() मेथड का इस्तेमाल करें। यह प्रमाणीकरण का ख्याल रखता है और वर्तमान उपयोगकर्ता के लिए प्रदान किए गए उपयोगकर्ता खाते में स्विच करने के लिए एक गैर-संरक्षित URL लौटाता है।

if ( method_exists( 'user_switching', 'maybe_switch_url' ) ) {
    $url = user_switching::maybe_switch_url( $target_user );
    if ( $url ) {
        printf(
            '<a href="%1$s">Switch to %2$s</a>',
            esc_url( $url ),
            esc_html( $target_user->display_name )
        );
    }
}

यह लिंक मूल उपयोगकर्ता पर वापस जाने के लिए भी काम करता है, लेकिन यदि आप इसके लिए एक स्पष्ट लिंक चाहते हैं तो आप निम्न कोड का उपयोग कर सकते हैं:

if ( method_exists( 'user_switching', 'get_old_user' ) ) {
    $old_user = user_switching::get_old_user();
    if ( $old_user ) {
        printf(
            '<a href="%1$s">Switch back to %2$s</a>',
            esc_url( user_switching::switch_back_url( $old_user ) ),
            esc_html( $old_user->display_name )
        );
    }
}

क्या मैं यह निर्धारित कर सकता हूं कि वर्तमान उपयोगकर्ता ने अपने खाते में स्विच किया है या नहीं?

Yes. Use the current_user_switched() function for this. If the current user switched into their account from another then it returns a WP_User object for their originating user, otherwise it returns false.

if ( function_exists( 'current_user_switched' ) ) {
    $switched_user = current_user_switched();
    if ( $switched_user ) {
        // User is logged in and has switched into their account.
        // $switched_user is the WP_User object for their originating user.
    }
}

क्या यह प्लगइन किसी उपयोगकर्ता को किसी अन्य उपयोगकर्ता को किसी कार्रवाई के लिए फ़्रेम करने की अनुमति देता है?

संभावित रूप से हां, लेकिन उपयोगकर्ता स्विचिंग में इसके लिए कुछ सुरक्षा उपाय शामिल हैं और एक साइट प्रशासक के रूप में आप अतिरिक्त सावधानियां बरत सकते हैं:

  • User Switching stores the ID of the originating user in the new WordPress user session for the user they switch to. Although this session does not persist by default when they subsequently switch back, there will be a record of this ID if your database server has query logging enabled.
  • उपयोगकर्ता स्विचिंग मूल उपयोगकर्ता के लॉगिन नाम को प्रमाणीकरण कुकी में संग्रहीत करता है (अधिक जानकारी के लिए गोपनीयता कथन देखें)। यदि आपका सर्वर एक्सेस लॉग कुकी डेटा संग्रहीत करता है, तो प्रत्येक एक्सेस अनुरोध के लिए इस लॉगिन नाम (आईपी पते के साथ) का रिकॉर्ड होगा।
  • आप सिंपल हिस्ट्री, WP एक्टिविटी लॉग या स्ट्रीम जैसे ऑडिट ट्रेल प्लगइन इंस्टॉल कर सकते हैं, जिनमें से सभी में उपयोगकर्ता स्विचिंग के लिए अंतर्निहित समर्थन है और जब कोई उपयोगकर्ता किसी अन्य खाते में स्विच करता है तो ये सभी एक प्रविष्टि लॉग करते हैं।
  • जब कोई उपयोगकर्ता खाता स्विच करता है, बंद करता है, या वापस स्विच करता है तो उपयोगकर्ता स्विचिंग एक क्रिया को ट्रिगर करती है (नीचे देखें)। आप अपनी आवश्यकताओं के आधार पर सुरक्षा उद्देश्यों के लिए अतिरिक्त लॉगिंग करने के लिए इन क्रियाओं का उपयोग कर सकते हैं।

जब कोई उपयोगकर्ता खाता बदलता है, तो उपरोक्त में से एक या अधिक आपको मूल उपयोगकर्ता के साथ किसी कार्रवाई को सहसंबंधित करने की अनुमति देगा, यदि आपको इसकी आवश्यकता है।

ध्यान रखें कि उपयोगकर्ता स्विचिंग प्लगइन के उपयोग के बिना भी, कोई भी उपयोगकर्ता जो किसी अन्य उपयोगकर्ता को संपादित करने की क्षमता रखता है, वह अभी भी किसी अन्य उपयोगकर्ता को कार्रवाई के लिए फ्रेम कर सकता है, उदाहरण के लिए, अपना पासवर्ड बदलकर और मैन्युअल रूप से उस खाते में लॉग इन करके। यदि आप उपयोगकर्ताओं द्वारा दूसरों के साथ दुर्व्यवहार करने के बारे में चिंतित हैं, तो आपको उपयोगकर्ताओं को प्रशासनिक अधिकार प्रदान करते समय बहुत सावधानी बरतनी चाहिए।

Can regular admins on Multisite installations switch accounts?

No. This can be enabled though by installing the User Switching for Regular Admins plugin.

Can I switch users directly from the admin toolbar?

Yes, there’s a third party add-on plugin for this: Admin Bar User Switching.

Are any plugin actions called when a user switches account?

Yes. When a user switches to another account, the switch_to_user hook is called:

/**
 * Fires when a user switches to another user account.
 *
 * @since 0.6.0
 * @since 1.4.0 The `$new_token` and `$old_token` parameters were added.
 *
 * @param int    $user_id     The ID of the user being switched to.
 * @param int    $old_user_id The ID of the user being switched from.
 * @param string $new_token   The token of the session of the user being switched to. Can be an empty string
 *                            or a token for a session that may or may not still be valid.
 * @param string $old_token   The token of the session of the user being switched from.
 */
do_action( 'switch_to_user', $user_id, $old_user_id, $new_token, $old_token );

When a user switches back to their originating account, the switch_back_user hook is called:

/**
 * Fires when a user switches back to their originating account.
 *
 * @since 0.6.0
 * @since 1.4.0 The `$new_token` and `$old_token` parameters were added.
 *
 * @param int       $user_id     The ID of the user being switched back to.
 * @param int|false $old_user_id The ID of the user being switched from, or false if the user is switching back
 *                               after having been switched off.
 * @param string    $new_token   The token of the session of the user being switched to. Can be an empty string
 *                               or a token for a session that may or may not still be valid.
 * @param string    $old_token   The token of the session of the user being switched from.
 */
do_action( 'switch_back_user', $user_id, $old_user_id, $new_token, $old_token );

When a user switches off, the switch_off_user hook is called:

/**
 * Fires when a user switches off.
 *
 * @since 0.6.0
 * @since 1.4.0 The `$old_token` parameter was added.
 *
 * @param int    $old_user_id The ID of the user switching off.
 * @param string $old_token   The token of the session of the user switching off.
 */
do_action( 'switch_off_user', $old_user_id, $old_token );

When a user switches to another account, switches off, or switches back, the user_switching_redirect_to filter is applied to the location that they get redirected to:

/**
 * Filters the redirect location after a user switches to another account or switches off.
 *
 * @since 1.7.0
 *
 * @param string       $redirect_to   The target redirect location, or an empty string if none is specified.
 * @param string|null  $redirect_type The redirect type, see the `user_switching::REDIRECT_*` constants.
 * @param WP_User|null $new_user      The user being switched to, or null if there is none.
 * @param WP_User|null $old_user      The user being switched from, or null if there is none.
 */
return apply_filters( 'user_switching_redirect_to', $redirect_to, $redirect_type, $new_user, $old_user );

In addition, User Switching respects the following filters from WordPress core when appropriate:

  • login_redirect when switching to another user.
  • logout_redirect when switching off.

क्या आप दान स्वीकार करते हैं?

मैं GitHub प्रायोजक कार्यक्रम के माध्यम से प्रायोजन स्वीकार कर रहा हूं और आप जो भी समर्थन दे सकते हैं, वह मुझे इस प्लगइन को बनाए रखने और इसे सभी के लिए मुफ़्त रखने में मदद करेगा।

समीक्षाएं

नवम्बर 14, 2023
I was previously using a plugin from codecanyon for years. Suddenly it had some weird issue where it was not playing nicely with other plugins, and I had to ditch it. Found this plugin and love it! My only suggestion would be to consider adding some CSS to the front end "switch" box, so its more obvious. I personally came up with this code to add into my theme for now. /*** SWITCH USER ***/p#user_switching_switch_on {background-color: #efefef;padding: 10px 25px !important;border: solid grey 3px;font-weight: bold;text-transform: uppercase;}
जुलाई 12, 2023 2 जवाब
This is an excellent tool, thank you so much to the developer for their contribution. I hope to see some updates soon. Worrying that it might be abandoned as it hasn't received any updates for almost a year.
जून 6, 2023
I am really grateful that this tool exists, it works flawlessly.
216 के सभी समीक्षा पढ़ें

सहायक &डेवलपर्स

यह खुला स्रोत सॉफ्टवेयर है। अनुगामी लोगो ने इस प्लगइन के लिए योगदान दिया है।

योगदानकर्ता

“उपयोगकर्ता स्विचिंग” has been translated into 48 locales. Thank you to the translators for their contributions.

Translate “उपयोगकर्ता स्विचिंग” into your language.

Interested in development?

Browse the code, check out the SVN repository, or subscribe to the development log by RSS.

बदलाव विवरण

1.7.2 (16 November 2023)

  • Confirm support for WordPress 6.4
  • Reinstate the missing plugin readme file

1.7.1 (16 November 2023)

  • Fix the redirect type parameter passed to the user_switching_redirect_to filter
  • Increase the minimum supported version of PHP to 7.4

1.7.0 (30 July 2022)

  • Redirect to the current post, term, user, or comment being edited when switching off
  • Clean up some user-facing messages
  • Apply basic styling to the Switch Back link that appears in the footer
  • Use a better placement for the Switch To menu on bbPress profiles
  • Use a more appropriate HTTP response code if switching off fails
  • Exclude .editorconfig from dist ZIP

1.6.0 (24 June 2022)

  • Add a ‘Switch To’ link to the order screen in WooCommerce
  • Add a ‘Switch back’ link to the My Account screen and the login screen in WooCommerce

1.5.8 (2 October 2021)

  • Avoid a fatal if the interim-login query parameter is present on a page other than wp-login.php.

1.5.7 (12 May 2021)

  • Fix some issues that could lead to PHP errors given a malformed cookie.
  • Fix documentation.

1.5.6 (18 September 2020)

  • Add a class to the table row on the user edit screen.
  • Updated docs.

1.5.5 (22 June 2020)

  • Added the user_switching_in_footer filter to disable output in footer on front end.
  • Documentation additions and improvements.

1.5.4 (7 February 2020)

  • Fix a cookie issue caused by Jetpack 8.1.1 which prevented switching back to the original user.

1.5.3 (5 November 2019)

  • Remove usage of a method that’s been deprecated in WordPress 5.3

1.5.2 (16 August 2019)

  • Set the correct lang attribute on User Switching’s admin notice.
  • Move the WooCommerce session forgetting to an action callback so it can be unhooked if necessary.

1.5.1 (16 June 2019)

  • Add appropriate HTTP response codes to the error states.
  • Display User Switching’s messages in the original user’s locale.
  • Increase the priority of the hook that sets up the cookie constants. See #40.
  • Don’t attempt to output the ‘Switch To’ link on author archives when the queried object isn’t a user. See #39.

1.5.0 (23 March 2019)

  • Add support for forgetting WooCommerce sessions when switching between users. Requires WooCommerce 3.6+.

1.4.2 (13 February 2019)

  • Don’t attempt to add the Switch To link to the admin toolbar when viewing an author archive in the admin area. This prevents a fatal error occurring when filtering custom post type listing screens by authors in the admin area.

1.4.1 (2 February 2019)

  • Add a Switch To link to the Edit User admin toolbar menu when viewing an author archive.
  • Add a Switch back link to the Edit User admin toolbar menu when viewing an author archive and you’re already switched.

1.4.0 (17 September 2018)

  • Add support for user session retention, reuse, and destruction when switching to and back from other user accounts.
  • Add support for the switch_users meta capability for fine grained control over the ability to switch user accounts.
  • More code and documentation quality improvements.

1.3.1 (24 May 2018)

  • Add support for the X-Redirect-By header in WordPress 5.0.
  • Allow User Switching’s admin notices to be dismissed.
  • Introduce a privacy statement.

1.3.0 (9 November 2017)

  • Update the BuddyPress compatibility.
  • Various code and inline docs improvements.

1.2.0 (29 September 2017)

  • Improve the Switch Back functionality when the interim login window is shown.
  • Always show the Switch Back link in the Meta widget if it’s present.

1.1.0 (7 September 2017)

  • Introduce a user_switching_switched_message filter to allow customisation of the message displayed to switched users in the admin area.
  • Switch to safe redirects for extra paranoid hardening.
  • Docblock improvements.
  • Coding standards improvements.

1.0.9 (14 July 2016)

  • Remove the bundled languages in favour of language packs from translate.wordpress.org.

1.0.8 (14 July 2016)

  • Chinese (Taiwan) and Czech translations.
  • Updated Dutch, Spanish, Hebrew, and German translations.
  • Add an ID attribute to the links that User Switching outputs on the WordPress login screen, BuddyPress screens, and bbPress screens.
  • Avoid a deprecated argument notice when the user-actions admin toolbar node has been removed.

1.0.7 (14 July 2016)

  • Azerbaijani, Danish, and Bosnian translations.
  • Add back the ‘User Switching’ heading on the user profile screen.
  • Correct the value passed to the $old_user_id parameter of the switch_back_user hook when a user has been switched off. This should be boolean false rather than 0.
  • Docblocks for actions and filters.
  • More code standards tweaks.

1.0.6 (14 July 2016)

  • Correct the values passed to the switch_back_user action when a user switches back.
  • More code standards tweaks.

1.0.5 (14 July 2016)

  • Norwegian translation by Per Søderlind.
  • Code standards tweaks.

1.0.4 (14 July 2016)

  • Support for the new logout_redirect and removable_query_args filters in WordPress 4.2.

1.0.3 (14 July 2016)

  • Croation translation by Ante Sepic.
  • Avoid PHP notices caused by other plugins which erroneously use boolean true as a capability.

1.0.2 (14 July 2016)

  • Turkish translation by Abdullah Pazarbasi.
  • Romanian translation by ArianServ.
  • Dutch translation by Thom.
  • Greek translation by evigiannakou.
  • Bulgarian translation by Petya Raykovska.
  • Finnish translation by Sami Keijonen.
  • Italian translation by Alessandro Curci and Alessandro Tesoro.
  • Updated Arabic, Spanish, German, and Polish translations.

1.0.1 (14 July 2016)

  • Shorten the names of User Switching’s cookies to avoid problems with Suhosin’s over-zealous default rules.
  • Add backwards compatibility for the deprecated OLDUSER_COOKIE constant.

1.0 (14 July 2016)

  • Security hardening for sites that use HTTPS in the admin area and HTTP on the front end.
  • Add an extra auth check before the nonce verification.
  • Pretty icon next to the switch back links.